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NCGIA Full Publications List


 
CD RELEASE

Fundamental Research in Geographic Information and Analysis, NCGIA Technical Reports 1988-1997This CD contains all technical reports published by the NCGIA between 1988 and 1997.  These include reports of the specialist meetings, research reports, discussion papers and bibliographies, plus initiative closing reports, annual reports, and some education materials. While about half of these documents are no longer available in digital versions, they have been scanned and converted to PDF formatted text with graphics.  As a result, most of the documents on the CD are text-searchable and a list of authors is linked to the related reports.  Software required: Adobe Acrobat Reader (included on the CD).
 
 
 

VARENIUS REPORTS

Annual Report 1998  

Annual Report 1997   .... html version

Multiple Modalities and Multiple Frames of Reference for Spatial
Knowledge,
report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (February 18-20, 1999). Prepared by Scott M. Freundschuh, Univ of Minnesota; and Holly A. Taylor, Tufts Univ.
....pdf version

Interoperating GISs, Report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (December 5-6 1997), compiled by Michael F. Goodchild, UCSB; Max J. Egenhofer, U. Maine; and Robin Fegeas, USGS, begins with a general discussion of the nature of interoperability and the consequences of progress towards its goals. The sections that follow review the meeting's efforts to define the conceptual framework of interoperability and appropriate theory, outline research needs, and identify specific research topics.  ....pdf version.... html version

Report of the International Workshop on Interoperability for GIScience Education, IGE '98 Soesterberg, The Netherlands. Karen K. Kemp, UCSB; Derek E. Reeve, U. of Huddersfield; and D. Ian Heywood, Robert Gordon U. A report of a small international meeting held to discuss the applicability of the concept of interoperability to the problems of teaching GIS, a rapidly evolving technologically-based subject, through both distance and traditional methods.   ....pdf version.... html version

Scale and Detail in the Cognition of Geographic Information:  Report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (May 14-16, 1998).  Daniel R. Montello and Reginald Golledge, UCSB.   ...pdf...html

The Ontology of Fields:  Report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (June 11-13, 1998)Donna Peuquet, Pennsylvania State Univ, Barry Smith and Berit Brogaard, SUNY-Buffalo.  ...pdf


Place and Identity in an Age of Technologically Regulated Movement:  Report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (October 8-10, 1998)
.
  Michael Curry, UCLA, and Munroe Eagles, SUNY-Buffalo.  ...pdf

Empowerment, Marginalization and Public Participation GIS:  Report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (October 15-17, 1998).   Will Craig, Univ of Minnesota, Trevor Harris and Daniel Weiner, West Virginia Univ.  ...pdf...html

Measuring and Representing Accessibility in the Information Age:  Report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (November 19-22, 1998).   Donald Janelle, Univ of Western Ontario, and David Hodge, Univ of Washington.  ...pdf

Cognitive Models of Dynamic Geographic Phenomena and Their Representations:  Report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (October 28-31, 1998).   Stephen Hirtle, Univ of Pittsburgh, and Alan MacEachren, Pennsylvania State Univ.  ...pdf

Discovering Geographic Knowledge in Data Rich Environments: Report of a Specialist Meeting held under the auspices of the Varenius Project (March 18-20, 1999).   Harvey J. Miller, Univ. of Utah, and Jiawei Han, Simon Fraser Univ.  ...pdf


 
 
 

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NCGIA TECHNICAL PAPERS SERIES


88-89   90-91   92-93   94-95   96-97   98-99


88-1: Full Proposal, details the proposed activities and facilities of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis: Rationale, Research Plan, Education Plan, Cognate Research Units and Facilities for the Center, Knowledge and Data Dissemination, Management Plan, Institutional, Industrial and Government Support.

88-2: Selected Sections from the Proposal, abbreviated version of 88-1: Rationale, Research Plan, Education Plan, and Knowledge and Data Dissemination.

88-3: Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space, compiled by David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo, provides a commentary on the conceptualization of space and its reflection in language - a critical element in the NCGIA research agenda, especially in respect to Initiative 2. 

89-1: Accuracy of Spatial Databases: Initiative 1 Specialist Meeting Report, compiled by Michael F. Goodchild, UCSB, summarizes the goals of Initiative 1, plus a list of feasible research topics. Abstracts of 32 papers presented are also included. An edited volume of selected papers from the meeting has been published elsewhere.

89-2: Language of Spatial Relations: Initiative 2 Specialist Meeting Report, compiled by David M. Mark, et al, SUNY-Buffalo, provides an in-depth look at the issues of spatial relationships and how to accurately describe them in natural language. Discussions from the meeting are summarized and a list of further issues for research is outlined.

89-2A: Language of Spatial Relations: Researchable Questions & NCGIA Research Agenda, compiled and edited by David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo, summarizes the researchable questions that arose from Initiative 2 Specialist Meeting.

89-3:Multiple Representations: Initiative 3 Specialist Meeting Report, compiled by Barbara P. Buttenfield, SUNY-Buffalo, outlines the research issues that were identified at the Initiative 3 Specialist Meeting. Such issues as digital feature recognition and linking database resolutions are discussed.

89-4: What is Special About Spatial Data? Alternative Perspectives on Spatial Data Analysis, by Luc Anselin, UCSB, outlines general ideas on fundamental issues related to the distinctive characteristics of spatial data analysis as opposed to data analysis in general. Includes an extensive bibliography.

89-5: A Hierarchical Spatial Data Structure for Global Geographic Information Systems, by Michael F. Goodchild and Yang Shiren, UCSB, describes procedure for projecting the globe onto an octahedron and then recursively subdividing each of the triangle faces into four triangles.

89-6: Use and Value of Geographic Information: Initiative 4 Specialist Meeting Summary Report, compiled and edited by Harlan J. Onsrud and Nancy J. Obermeyer, U. Maine; and Hugh W. Calkins, SUNY-Buffalo, includes goals, meet ing format, research agenda, and summaries of presentations for the Initiative 4 Specialist Meeting.

89-7: Use and Value of Geographic Information: Initiative 4 Specialist Meeting Summary Report and Proceedings, compiled and edited by Harlan J. Onsrud and Nancy J. Obermeyer, U. Maine; and Hugh W. Calkins, SUNY-Buffalo, includes text of 89-6 plus position papers presented and discussed at the Initiative 4 meeting.

89-8: Selective Bibliography: Value of Information, compiled by Holly J. Dickinson, SUNY-Buffalo, prepared in conjunction with Initiative 4 as an aid to research: includes references to articles, papers, reports, chapters.

89-9: Accuracy of Spatial Databases: Annotated Bibliography, compiled by Howard Veregin, UCSB, prepared in conjunction with Initiative 1 as an aid to research: includes references to articles, papers, reports, chapters.

89-10: Working Bibliography on "Languages of Spatial Relations," First Edition, compiled by David M. Mark, Michael D. Gould, Scott M. Freundschuh, SUNY; Max J. Egenhofer, Werner Kuhn, U. Maine; Matthew McGranaghan, U. Hawaii and Soteria Svorou, contains over 500 references for Initiative 2.

89-11: Multiple Representations: A Bibliography, compiled by Barbara P. Buttenfield, Joseph S. Delotto, and James V. McKinney, SUNY-Buffalo, generated as part of research for Initiative 3: "Multiple Representations."

89-12: A Taxonomy of Error in Spatial Databases, by Howard Veregin, UCSB, discusses types of error which occur in spatial databases, and methods for dealing with inaccuracies. A companion paper to the annotated bibliography (89-9) in conjunction with Initiative 1.

89-13:Research Initiative 5: Very Large Spatial Databases: Report on the Specialist Meeting, edited by Terence R. Smith, UCSB; and Andrew U. Frank, U. Maine, summarizes the discussions that took place at Initiative 5 Specialist Meeting.

89-14: Spatial Relations Representation and Locative Phase Generation in a Map Context, by Susan M. Haller, SUNY-Buffalo, research report connected with Initiative 2: "Languages of Spatial Relations."

89-15: Issues in Vehicle Navigation and Information Systems, by Scott M. Freundschuh, Michael D. Gould and David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo, three research papers presented at the VNIS '89 Conference in Toronto.

90-1: A Comparison of Complexity Measures for Cartographic Lines, by Marcin J. Jasinski, SUNY-Buffalo, research report connected with Initiative 3.

90-2: Spatial Language and Geographic Information Systems (El Lenguaje Espacial y los Sistemas de Informacion Geograficos: Temas Interlinguisticos), by David M. Mark and Michael D. Gould, SUNY-Buffalo; and Joan Nunes, U. Barcelona, Spain, originally written for the Second Latin American Conference on Applications of Geographic Information System Technology, held in Merida, Venezuela, Sept. 1989.

90-3: Deriving a Method for Evaluating the Use of Geographic Information in Decision Making, by Holly J. Dickinson, SUNY-Buffalo, dissertation on the value of geographic information and its analysis in decision making.

90-4: NCGIA/U.S. Census Multiple Representations Data Set Project Technical Report on Pilot Project: Lee County, Florida, by Joseph S. DeLotto and Barbara P. Buttenfield, SUNY-Buffalo and Frederick Broome, U.S. Census Bureau, documents a joint effort to produce a multi-scale, multi-agency database for teaching and research.

90-5: Research Initiative 6: Spatial Decision Support Systems: Scientific Report for the Specialist Meeting, by Paul J. Densham, SUNY-Buffalo; and Michael F. Goodchild, UCSB, includes goals, meeting format, research agenda and position papers from participants.

90-6: Lineage in GIS: The Problem and a Solution, by David P. Lanter, UCSB, includes two papers on the issues of lineage and metadata in GIS.

90-7: NCGIA 18-Month Report, contains material requested by NSF in support of 18-month review of the progress of the NCGIA.

90-8: Models in Temporal Knowledge Representation and Temporal DBMS, by Renato Barrera and Khaled K. Al-Taha, U. Maine, describes models found in published literature, useful for advanced researchers dealing with temporal GIS problems.

90-9: A Spatial Decision Support System For Bank Location: A Case Study by David J. Willer, SUNY-Buffalo, presents a computer-based system designed to help solve semi-structured location problems existing within the banking industry.

90-10: Language, Cognitive Science, and Geographic Information Systems by David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo; and Andrew U. Frank, U. Maine, two papers summarizing the major themes of Initiative 2.

90-11: Two Perspectives on Geographical Data Modeling, by Andrew U. Frank, U. Maine; and Michael F. Goodchild, UCSB, two articles addressing a fundamental problem for geographic information: the modeling of space.

90-12: Query Languages for Geographic Information Systems, by Max J. Egenhofer and Andrew U. Frank, U. Maine, three papers showing three different perspectives on interactive query languages for geographic information and analysis, an emphasis of Initiative 2 on "Languages of Spatial Relations."

90-13: Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space, by Max J. Egenhofer, Werner Kuhn, Andrew U. Frank, and Matthew McGranaghan, U. Maine, addresses different aspects of formalizing human communication about geographic space.

91-1: Fractal Geometry and Spatial Phenomena, by Mark MacLennan, A. Stewart Fotheringham and Michael Batty, SUNY-Buffalo; Paul Longley, U. Wales, bibliography prepared in conjunction with Initiatives 1 and 3. ...pdf

91-2: A Conceptual Framework for Integrated Metadata Management in Very Large Spatial Databases, by Nehal Trivedi and Terence R. Smith, UCSB, discusses metadata as a potential solution to the management of very large sets of spatial data. ...pdf

91-3: A Cartographic Animation of Average Yearly Surface Temperatures for the 48 Contiguous United States: 1897-1986, by Christopher Weber, SUNY- Buffalo, describes a variable cartographic animation process employing hardware and software; includes diskette. ...pdf

91-4: Temporal Relations in Geographic Information Systems: A Workshop at the University of Maine, Orono, October 12-13, 1990, by Renato Barrera, Andrew Frank and Khaled Al-Taha, U. Maine, proposes a model of time useful in analysis of temporal accuracy of geographic information. ...pdf

91-5: The Integration of Spatial Analysis and GIS: The Development of the STATCAS Module for ARC/INFO, by Yuemin Ding and A. Stewart Fotheringham, SUNY-Buffalo, describes STATCAS package within the operating environment of a GIS. ...pdf

91-6: User-Centered Graphical User Interface Design for GIS, by David Lanter and Rupert Essinger, UCSB, discusses how traditional user interface design focuses on the best way to represent the software functionally rather than on how to meet the expectations of the user. ...pdf

91-7: A Framework for the Definition of Topological Relationships and an Algebraic Approach to Spatial Reasoning within this Framework, by Max J. Egenhofer, U. Maine, John R. Herring, Intergraph, and Terence Smith and Keith Park, UCSB ...pdf

91-8: Spatial Data Representation and Basic Operations for a Triangular Hierarchical Data Structure, by Michael Goodchild, Yang Shiren, and Geoffrey Dutton, UCSB, describes the recursive subdivision of an octahedron and the conversion algorithms to and from latitude/longitude. ...pdf

91-9: Spatial Decision Support Systems: A Bibliography, by Michael Gould and Paul J. Densham, SUNY-Buffalo, bibliography compiled from various sources including journal indices, book indices, and databases. ...pdf

91-10: Designing and Implementing Strategies for Solving Large Location- Allocation Problems with Heuristic Methods, by Paul Densham SUNY-Buffalo, and Gerard Rushton, SDSU, describes the implementation of the best known heuristic algorithms used to solve large problems in times that are realistic in a microcomputer-based, interactive decision making environment. ...pdf

91-11: Connecting ARC/INFO and SNACTor: Project Report, by Stuart C. Shapiro, Hans Chalupsky, and Hsueh-cheng Chou, SUNY-Buffalo, describes an interface between ARC/Info and SNePS, the Semantic Network Processing System, a knowledge representation and reasoning system. ...pdf

91-12: Replaced by update, Technical Report 96-12.

91-13: The Performance of Tests for Spatial Dependence in a Linear Regression, by Luc Anselin and Serge Rey, UCSB, compares the properties of Moran's I and Lagrange multiplier tests for spatial dependence. ...pdf

91-14: Replaced by update, Technical Report 98-1

91-15: An Annotated Bibliography on Human Computer Interaction for GIS, compiled by the students in Course SVE 698, U. Maine, bibliography collected by the instructor and students during a course on human computer interfaces for GIS. ...pdf

91-16: Initiative 12: Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems, Report of the Specialist Meeting, summarizes planning meetings and work that led to the first Specialist Meeting for Initiative 12. ...pdf

91-17: Multiple Topological Representations, by Bud P. Bruegger and Werner Kuhn, U. Maine, proposes an approach to support multiple levels of abstraction in a GIS through multiple topological representations (MTR). ...pdf

91-18: Visual Interfaces to Geometry, by Werner Kuhn and Max J. Egenhofer, U. Maine, presents the results of a two-day workshop on "Visual Interfaces to Geometry," conducted at ACM's CHI'90 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. ...pdf

91-19: The Use of a Geographic Information System for Second-Order Analysis of Spatial Point Patterns, by Mark J. MacLennan, SUNY-Buffalo, describes a computer program for GRASS which implements second-order neighborhood analysis. ...pdf

91-20: Replaced by update, Technical Report 93-10.

91-21: GIS Teaching Facilities: Six Case Studies on the Acquisition and Management of Laboratories, edited by Stephen D. Palladino and Karen K. Kemp, UCSB, includes six case studies reviewing the acquisition and management of computer labs established primarily for teaching GIS. ...pdf

91-22: Bibliography on Animation of Spatial Data: A Guide to Literature, Video and Movie Media, by Barbara P. Buttenfield, Christopher R. Weber, Mark MacLennan, and John D. Elliott, SUNY-Buffalo, a collection of sources as part of the research efforts for Initiatives 7 and 10. ...pdf

91-23: The Use of Vegetation Maps and Geographic Information Systems for Assessing Conifer Lands in California, by Michael F. Goodchild, Frank W. Davis, Marco Painho, and David M. Stoms, UCSB, summarizes research into the sources of error in medium to small-scale vegetation maps used for state-wide forestry conservation planning. ...pdf

91-24: German GIS/LIS Standards, by Werner Kuhn, U. Maine, investigates cadastral and topographical information management in Germany, 1991. ...pdf

91-26: Initiative 7 Specialist Meeting: Visualization of Spatial Data Quality, by Kate M. Beard and Sarah Clapham, U. Maine; and Barbara P. Buttenfield, SUNY-Buffalo , summarizes the Specialist Meeting discussions and development of research topics. ...pdf

91-27: VT/GIS: The von Thunen GIS Package, by Rustin F. Dodson, UCSB, provides an interactive tutorial and exercises with which students can explore a spatially-relaxed von Thunen model. ...pdf

92-1: Locational Models, Geographic Information, and Planning Support Systems, by Britton Harris, U. Pennsylvania, and Michael Batty, SUNY-Buffalo, summarizes the needs and requirements for the development of GIS relevant to urban planning and proposes the idea of Planning Support Systems in linking GIS to predictive and prescriptive land use, activity, and transportation models. ...pdf

92-2: Generalization of the Digital Chart of the World (DCW), by Frank Fico, SUNY-Buffalo, examines DCW features layer-by-layer and presents specific generalization operators that may be applied to generate a smaller scale dataset from the original product. Some operations are demonstrated using ARC/INFO and the results are displayed. ...pdf

92-3: User Interfaces for Geographic Information Systems: Report on the Initiative 13 Specialist Meeting, edited by David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo, and Andrew U. Frank, U. Maine , contains an account of discussions at the Specialist Meeting; the research agenda for the topic; and the position papers circulated at the meeting. ...pdf

92-4: Intelligent Assistants for Filling Critical Gaps in GIS, by David Lanter, UCSB, analyzes critical gaps in current geographic information systems that impede their use for spatial decision support, and provides a research agenda adapting expert systems and other technologies to fill these gaps. ...pdf

92-5: Initiative 9: Report for the Specialist Meeting: Institutions Sharing Geographic Information, compiled and edited by Harlan Onsrud, U. Maine, and Gerard Rushton, SDSU , includes purpose and scope of the Initiative, abstracts of presentations made at the Specialist Meeting, and recommendations for research in sharing geographic information. ...pdf

92-6: On the Possible Role(s) of a "University Consortium for Geographic Information and Analysis" (UCGIA): by the UCGIA Steering Committee , summarizes extensive discussions of possibilities for a new organization. ...pdf

92-7: Research Agenda for the NCGIA Renewal 1993-1996, by NCGIA, revised and updated research agenda for geographic information and analysis, including references and linkages to NCGIA research initiatives. ...pdf

92-8: Initiative-9: Sharing Information in Third World Planning Agencies, by Michael Batty, SUNY-Buffalo, explores the 'information sharing' paradigm which is rapidly emerging in mature organizations where information technology is being heavily used for communications and decision making, emphasizing ways in which the paradigm might be used in GIS in the Third World. ...pdf

92-9: GIS Videos: An Annotated Bibliography, by Amy Ruggles, UCSB, describes over 120 educational videos on GIS and related subjects, from government agencies, software and hardware vendors, and independent video companies. Prepared in cooperation with ASPRS. ...pdf

92-10: Spatial Data Analysis with GIS: An Introduction to Application in the Social Sciences, by Luc Anselin, UCSB, reviews the linkage between spatial data analysis and GIS with an extensive illustration. ...pdf

92-11: GIS and Spatial Analysis: Initiative 14 Specialist Meeting Report, compiled by Stewart Fotheringham and Peter Rogerson, SUNY-Buffalo , summarizes the discussion and outlines the research agenda. ...pdf

92-12: Two Perspectives on Data Quality, by Helen Couclelis, UCSB, and Kate Beard and William Mackaness, U. Maine. The first report discusses the impediments to effective quality control, and proposes a conceptual model to monitor GIS product quality at any state of deriving an application; the second outlines a research agenda based on the identification of impediments to data integrity. ...pdf

92-13: A Glossary of GIS Terminology, compiled by Dr. G. Padmanabhan and Jeawan Yoon, North Dakota State University, and Mark Leipnik, UCSB, gives a comprehensive alphabetical listing of technical terms and their common meanings, also an alphabetical list of acronyms related to GIS. ...pdf

93-1: Three Presentations on Geographical Analysis and Modeling: Non- Isotropic Geographic Modeling; Speculations on the Geometry of Geography; and Global Spatial Analysis, by Waldo Tobler, UCSB. ...pdf

93-2: NCGIA Secondary Education Project "GIS in the Schools" Workshop Resource Packet, by Stephen D. Palladino, UCSB, materials for GIS outreach to secondary schools, includes: prototype workshop review, GIS short course notes, resource list, and GIS glossary; also helpful to teachers wanting simple resources for GIS teaching. ...pdf

93-3: Environmental Modeling with GIS: A Strategy for Dealing with Spatial Continuity, by Karen K. Kemp, UCSB, examines the incompatibility between continuous models of environmental processes and computer systems used for storing and manipulating data about environmental phenomena. Outlines an approach for addressing this problem. Includes an extensive bibliography. ...pdf

93-4: Remote Sensing and GIS Integration: Towards a Prioritized Research Agenda, by John E. Estes and Jeffrey L. Star, UCSB, discusses the process used during NCGIA Initiative 12: Integration of Remote Sensing and GIS, to develop a consensus on the priorities for research, and summarizes these priorities and presents perspectives from scientists within and without the Initiative. ...pdf

93-5: Teaching Introductory Geographical Data Analysis with GIS: A Laboratory Guide for an Integrated Spacestat/Idrisi Environment, edited by Rusty Dodson, Preface by Luc Anselin, UCSB, contains student laboratory exercises for an introductory course in spatial analysis, based on an integrated computing environment using the SpaceStat and Idrisi software packages. Topics include exploratory data analysis, spatial weight matrices, spatial autocorrelation, point pattern analysis, bivariate regression, spatial ANOVA, and trend surface regression. Includes a DOS diskette with datasets and linkage software. REQUIRED SOFTWARE: SpaceStat version 1.0 or higher, and Idrisi version 4.0 or higher. ...pdf

93-6: Environmental Equity in Los Angeles, by Lauretta Burke, UCSB, an MA thesis/case study of Los Angeles, investigating the relationship between the placement of environmentally hazardous industrial facilities and demographic variables. ...pdf

93-7: Spatial Data Analysis and GIS: Interfacing GIS and Econometric Software, by Luc Anselin, Sheri Hudak, and Rustin Dodson, UCSB (with disk), includes software routines for extracting spatial weights matrices from common GIS packages (Arc/Info, packages GAUSS, LIMDEP, RATS, SHAZAM, and SPLUS. Contains one DOS diskette of programs and sample data. ...pdf

93-8: Testing Technology Transfer Hypotheses in GIS Environments Using a Case Study Approach, edited by Harlan J. Onsrud and Jeffrey Pinto, University of Maine, and Bijan Azad, MIT, presents a scientific approach to case studies and reports two case studies that followed the outlined methodology. ...pdf

93-8: Testing Technology Transfer Hypotheses in GIS Environments Using a Case Study Approach, edited by Harlan J. Onsrud and Jeffrey Pinto, University of Maine, and Bijan Azad, MIT, presents a scientific approach to case studies and reports two case studies that followed the outlined methodology. ...pdf

93-9: GIS and the Coastal Zone: An Annotated Bibliography, compiled by Darius J. Bartlett, University College, Cork, Ireland ...pdf

93-10: The NCGIA Guide to Laboratory Materials - 1993, edited by Rustin F. Dodson, UCSB, an updated version of Tech. paper 91-20: a compendium of information pertaining to GIS laboratory education. ...pdf

93-11: African Data Viewer - compiled by Stephen D. Palladino, UCSB, (with disk), includes thirty IDRISI based data sets of climatic factors, population density, elevation, and soil degradation. This product of the NCGIA Secondary Education Project is self-contained, requiring no additional software to view the data. Designed to introduce K-12 teachers and students to digital GIS data; includes DOS disk with data, program and installation instructions. ...pdf

93-12: GIS, Cartography, and the Information Society: An Annotated Bibliography, compiled by William Dowdy, UCSB, a collection of approximately one hundred references collected by the compiler for specific use as support material at the NCGIA's Workshop "GIS and Society" held at the U of Washington's Friday Harbor Research Center. ...pdf

94-1: The 9-Intersection: Formalism and Its Use for Natural-Language Spatial Predicates, edited by Max Egenhofer, U. Maine; David Mark, SUNY-Buffalo; John Herring, Intergraph Corp, contains two papers, plus supplementary material. The first paper develops and presents the formal mathematical definitions of the 9-intersection. The second paper reports of cognitive testing, based on the mathematical mode presented in the first paper. Lastly, it contains the complete set of stimuli used in Mark and Egenhofer's experimental work up to January 1994. ...pdf

94-2: Selected Bibliography on Law, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases, compiled by Harlan J. Onsrud, Jeffrey Johnson, and Xavier Lopez U. Maine, a selected bibliography prepared as part of the preparation for an NCGIA Initiative of Law, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases. Articles are placed within the following categories: Freedom of Information, Open Records, and Government Charges for Information; Privacy, Copyright, Patent, and Trade Secrets; Computer Contracts, Licensing, Electronic Document Interchange, and Encryption; Liability and Admissibility; General Books, Articles, and Bibliographies. ...pdf

94-3: Land Information Systems in Developing Countries: Bibliography, compiled by Harlan Onsrud, Jeffrey Johnson, et al., ...pdf

94-4: Gap Analysis of the Southwestern Region by Frank W. Davis, UCSB, This report describes a geographic information system based Gap Analysis of biodiversity in the Southwestern California Ecoregion. The project is part of an ongoing effort by many groups to provide this regional overview by mapping the distributions of plant community types and vertebrate species habitats and relating these distributions to existing patterns of land ownership and land management. ...pdf

94-5: Integrating Normative Location Models into GIS: Problems and Prospects with p-median Model, by Richard Church and Paul Sorenson, UCSB, June 1994....pdf

94-6: Final Report for Caltrans Agreement 65T155 (MOU 1) by Richard Church, Danette Coughlan, Thomas Cova, Michael Goodchild, Jonathan Gottsegen, and David Lemberg, included four sections: Section I. Overview; Section II describes the major functions of IVHS (intelligent vehicle highway systems); Section III discusses alternative data models; and Section IV examines the design of a distributed navigable map database and the capabilities of current GIS and database management products. ...pdf

94-7: Spatial Analysis on the Sphere: A Review, by Rob Raskin, UCSC, examines the methods of analysis on a spherical earth. The use of spherical analysis in conjunction with global geographic information systems is detailed. This review is relevant to researchers in geography, global change, and related fields who study processes at global scales; with bibliography. ...pdf

94-8: Topological Relations in the World of Minimum Bounding Rectangles: A Study with R-trees by Dimitris Papadias UCSD, Yannis Theodoridis, National Technical University of Athens, Timos Sellis, National Technical University of Athens, and Max J. Egenhofer, U of Maine, discusses the retrieval of topological relations in Minimum Bounding Rectangle-based data structures. ...pdf

94-9: Time in Geographic Space: Report on the Specialist Meeting of Research Initiative 10, edited by Max J. Egenhofer, U. Maine, and Reginald G. Golledge, UCSB, describes the Specialist Meeting of the NCGIA Research Initiative on "Spatio-Temporal Reasoning in GIS" which addresses space and time as it relates to objects and people in geographic space. ...pdf

94-10: Selected Annotated Bibliography on Visualization of the Quality of Spatial Information, Research Initiative 7, by William A. Mackaness and M. Kate Beard, U. Maine, and Barbara P. Buttenfield, SUNY-Buffalo, a collection of approximately two hundred references which support such issues as uncertainty, quantitative and qualitative descriptions of quality, management and quality control, as well as many others. ...pdf

95-1: Framework Data Sets for the NSDI, by Steven M. Frank, Harlan Onsrud, Jeffrey Pinto, U. Maine; and Michael Goodchild, UCSB, reports on the results of a survey conducted in 1994 to help identify and prioritize framework data sets to be included in the NSDI. ...pdf

95-2: Two papers on Triangulated Surface Modeling, by Carlos Fegueiras, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), and Michael Goodchild, UCSB, examines three TIN surface modeling methods and associated algorithms for fitting surfaces: linear, quintic and stochastic, through the use of both qualitative and quantitative criteria. ...pdf

95-3: Multiple Roles for GIS in US Global Change Research: An Annotated Bibliography, compiled by Ashton Shortridge, UCSB, in conjunction with Initiative 15, presents a collection of articles concerned with the application of GIS in global change research. ...pdf

95-4: A Comparison of Strategies for Data Storage Reduction in Location-Allocation Problems, by Paul A. Sorensen and Richard L. Church, UCSB, describes a set of comparative tests evaluating the effects on solution quality of imposing different distance string definitions and sizes. Two new methods for the selection of nodes to be included within distance strings data structures are outlined. ...pdf

95-5: Color Your World, An Exploration with ArcView 2.0, compiled by Paul Sutton, Paul Van Zuyle, and Steve Palladino, UCSB (with disk), an interactive GIS based computer game designed for secondary school students to expose them to fundamental and essential geographic information necessary for understanding not only geography but politics, economics, demography, and other disciplines. The game produces thematic maps which show patterns and distributions of important phenomena. REQUIRED SOFTWARE: ArcView 2.0. ...pdf

95-6: The Global Demography Project, by Waldo Tobler, Uwe Deichmann, Jon Gottsegen, and Kelly Maloy, UCSB (with disk), a three part report which explores demographic data using populations extrapolated to 1994 and converted to a piecewise continuous population surface, gridded by latitude/longitude quadrangles. Part I gives the motivation and several possible approaches, Part II provides the results to date, and Part III describes needed extensions, as well as the appendices containing detailed information on the results with maps and data sources; includes PC disk with data and BASIC programs. ...pdf

95-7: Formalizing Behavior of Geographic Feature Types, by Robert D. Rugg, Max J. Egenhofer, U. Maine, and Werner Kuhn, Tech. Univ. Vienna, addresses the problem of formalizing the natural language definitions of spatial features. An approach using functional algebra is developed. ...pdf

95-8: Naive Geography, by Max J. Egenhofer, U. Maine, and David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo, defines the notion and concepts of Naive Geography, the field of study that is concerned with formal models of the common-sense geographic world. ...pdf

95-9: Direction Relations and Two-Dimensional Range Queries: Optimization Techniques, by Theodoridis Yannis, Emmanuel Stefanakis, and Timos Sellis, Technical University of Athens; and Dimitris Papadias, U. Maine, defines direction relations (east, southeast, etc.) between two-dimensional objects at different levels of qualitative resolution and shows how these relations can be efficiently retrieved in existing DBMSs using B-, KDB- and R-tree-based data structures. ...pdf

95-10: Research Initiative 15: Multiple Roles for GIS in US Global Change Research, Report of the First Specialist Meeting, Santa Barbara, compiled and edited by Michael Goodchild and John E. Estes, UCSB; Kate Beard, U. Maine; Tim Foresman, U. Maryland Baltimore County, Jenny Robinson, SUNY-Buffalo and Kenneth McGwire, Desert Research Institute, summarizes the Specialist Meeting discussions and provides a synthesis of emerging research topics and activities. ...pdf

95-11: Geographic Information/GIS Institutionalization in the 50 States: Users and Coordinators, by Lisa Warnecke, GeoManagement Associates, Syracuse, New York, analyzes recent information about the use and institutionalization of geographic information and related technologies in the US state governments. ...pdf

95-12: On Information Modeling to Support Interoperable Databases, by Nectaria Tryfona and Jayant Sharma, U. Maine, deals with the special semantics of spatial data in an information systems context and describes a geographic model to encapsulate the distinguishing properties of space. ...pdf

95-13: Understanding Guidance on GIS Implementation: A Comprehensive Literature Review, by Roberto Ferrari and Harlan J. Onsrud, U. Maine, documents a comprehensive review of the literature on GIS implementation and analyzes it in terms of issues addressed, theoretical consistency, and theoretical diversity. ...pdf

95-14: Collaborative Spatial Decision-Making: Scientific Report for the Intitiative 17 Specialist Meeting, by Paul J. Densham, U. College London; Marc P. Armstrong, U. Iowa; and Karen K. Kemp, UCSB, summarizes the meeting discussions and outlines some critical areas for research. ...pdf

95-15: NCGIA Research Initiative 8 Formalizing Cartographic Knowledge: Scientific Report for the Specialist Meeting, by Barbara P. Buttenfield, U. Colorado, and Catherine Dibble, UCSB, summarizes the meeting discussions and lays out an international research agenda. ...pdf

96-1: Image Registration using Multiquadric Functions, the Finite Element Method, Bivariate Mapping Polynomials and the Thin Plate Spline, by David N. Fogel, UCSB, and Larry R. Tinney, DOE Las Vegas, reports on an evalution of several methods of image-to-image registration using control points. ...pdf

96-2: Algorithms for Hierarchical Spatial Reasoning, by Dimitris Papadias and Max Egenhofer, U. Maine, examines two types of inference for reasoning about spatial relations using multiple local frames of reference organized in aggregation hierarchies. ...pdf

96-3: A Review of Spatial Population Database Design and Modeling, by Uwe Deichmann, UCSB, an overview of issues and options for the development of population related databases, including discussion of critical demographic variables required for integrated spatial analysis and modeling approaches for reconciling population data with other geographically referenced databases. ...pdf

96-4: Creation of a Comprehensive Managed Areas Spatial Database for the Conterminous United States, by R. Gavin McGhie, UCSB, describes the methodology employed and problems encountered in creating the Managed Areas Database (MAD), a GIS database containing spatial extents for all types of managed areas including land held by federal, state, tribal and private agencies and organizations. ...pdf

96-5: Research Initiative 15: Multiple Roles for GIS in US Global Change Research - Report of the Second Specialist Meeting, by Michael F. Goodchild and John E. Estes, UCSB, Kate Beard, U Maine, and Tim Foresman, U Maryland-Baltimore County, summarizes the informal presentations and discussions held on advanced geographic data models for global change research and the meeting's conclusions. ...pdf

96-6: Critical Issues in GIS-Based Educational Module Development: NCGIA's ArcView-based Color Your World Module, by Steve Palladino and Paul Van Zuyle, UCSB, provides a framework for the development of GIS based education modules for K-12 schools, discusses critical design and process issues. ...pdf

96-7: GIS and Society: The Social Implications of How People, Space, and Environment are Represented in GIS - Scientific Report for the Initiative 19 Specialist Meeting, by Trevor Harris and Daniel Weiner, West Virginia U, summarizes the meeting discussions and outlines four continuing research projects. ...pdf

96-8: Spatial Theory for the Integration of Resolution-Limited Data, by Beat (Bud) P. Bruegger, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, addresses the integration of data sets of different levels of resolution and different formats (i.e. raster and vector) ...pdf

96-9: Conference on Object Orientation and Navigable Databases: Report of the Meeting, by Richard Church, Thomas Cova and Michael Goodchild, UCSB, and Ramez Gerges, Caltrans, reports on the conference objectives, discussion and conclusions. Includes a participants' list and background papers presented. ...pdf

96-10: Spatial Technologies, Geographic Information, and the City, compiled by Helen Couclelis, UCSB, is a research conference report, includes an outline for a national research agenda ...pdf

96-11: Modeling Behavior of Geographic Objects: An Experience with the Object Modeling Technique, by Nectaria Tryfona and Dieter Pfoser, U Maine and Thanasis Hadzilacos, University of Patras, Greece, presents the semantics and graphical notation for a prototypical object-oriented model for the conceptual design of spatial databases supporting semantic interoperability ...pdf

96-12: GIS Laboratory Exercises: Introduction to GIS, 2nd edition, by Jeremy Taylor, Jane Fletcher, and Karen Kemp, UCSB an update of Report 91-12 with data and exercises for introductory GIS courses, written for use with Idrisi for Windows and ArcView 2. Note: ArcView data is part of the standard software installation. ...pdf

97-1: Multipurpose Land Information Systems Development Bibliography: A Community-wide Commitment to the Technology and its Ultimate Applications, by David L. Tulloch, Bernard J. Niemann, Jr., and Stephen J. Ventura, U Wisconsin-Madison, and Earl F. Epstein, Ohio State U, brings together literature covering the many aspects of MPLIS development, including initiation, implementation,operation and maintenance. ...pdf

97-2: Formal Models of Commonsense Geographic Worlds: Report on the Specialist Meeting of Research Initiative 21, by David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo, and Max J. Egenhofer and Kathleen Hornsby, U Maine, documents the discussions held during the meeting in San Marcos TX, 30 Oct-3 Nov, 1996. It includes a set of researchable questions that forms the basis for future research in this area. ...pdf

97-3: Report on the ICA Workshop on Map Generalization, by William A. Mackaness, U Edinburgh, Robert Weibel, U Zurich, and Barbara P. Buttenfield, U Colorado, reports on the discussions and key findings of a workshop held in Gävle Sweden, 19-21 June 1997. Discussion focused on impediments to automated map generalization, the current state of knowledge and progress on specific problem areas. ...pdf

97-4: Spherekit: The Spatial Interpolation Toolkit, developed by Robert G. Raskin, Jet Propoulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, Christopher C. Funk, UCSB, and Scott R. Webber, U Delaware, conceived by Cort J. Willmott, U Delaware, is a reference guide to a software toolkit for performing spatial interpolation over continental regions or the whole earth by computing distances and orientations from geodesics on the surface of the globe.  Software is available on this website...pdf

98-1: Technical Issues in GIS:  Laboratory Exercises, by Paul Sutton, Violet Gray and David Bianco, UCSB, consists of laboratory exercises developed for Geography 176b, an upper division GIS course; developed in the ArcInfo 7.0.3 GIS software system, the intent of these labs is to provide students with intensive training in the primary modules of ArcInfo.

99-1: Assessment of Land Cover Change and Regeneration in a Northern California Forested Ecosystem Using Historical Landsat and GIS, by Charles Avrom Kiedman, UCSB, is a study investigating the use of GIS and remote sensing for studying land-cover change and regrowth.
 

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OTHER NCGIA PUBLICATIONS

GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues, edited by Michael F. Goodchild, Louis T. Steyaert, Bradley O Parks, Carol Johnston, David Maidment, Michael Crane, and Sandi Glendinning, 1996, proceedings from the Second International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, published by GIS World Books. No longer available from the NCGIA.

CD-ROM, The Third International Conference/Workshop on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling (Santa Fe, NM, Jan 21-25, 1996), is organized as a complete record of the conference, including the program and the full text of papers, plus abstracts of posters and workshops, and the list of attendees (requires a WWW browser, for Windows 95 and NT, Unix and Macintosh computers).

CD: Fundamental Research in Geographic Information and Analysis, NCGIA Technical Reports 1988-1997This CD contains all technical reports published by the NCGIA between 1988 and 1997.  These include reports of the specialist meetings, research reports, discussion papers and bibliographies, plus initiative closing reports, annual reports, and some education materials. While about half of these documents are no longer available in digital versions, they have been scanned and converted to PDF formatted text with graphics.  As a result, most of the documents on the CD are text-searchable and a list of authors is linked to the related reports.  Software required: Adobe Acrobat Reader (included on the CD).

Final Report of the Accuracy Assessment Task Force, 1994, (California Dept of Forestry & Fire Protection Interagency Agreement 8CA06674). This report, established under California Assembly Bill AB1580, presents an analysis of the problem of accuracy assessment of the Wildlife Habitat map database.

Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Space, compiled by David M. Mark, SUNY- Buffalo, provides a commentary on the conceptualization of space and its reflection in language - a critical element in the NCGIA research agenda, especially in respect to Initiative 2.

Spatial Analysis Using GIS: Seminar Workbook (Second Edition), by Michael F. Goodchild, UCSB, presented to over 500 professionals on two continents, stresses analytical capabilities of GIS and gives a comprehensive overview of GIS functionality.

Object-Oriented Database Technology for GIS: Seminar Workbook (1988), by Andrew U. Frank and Max Egenhofer, U. Maine, materials for a seminar on object- oriented data models and programming, object-oriented DBMS, and architecture and query languages; with bibliography.
 

ANNUAL REPORTS .........................................files


Annual Report Year 1 (December 1, 1988 - November 30, 1989) ...pdf

Annual Report Year 2 (December 1, 1989 - November 30, 1990) ...pdf

Annual Report Year 3 (December 1, 1990 - November 30, 1991) ...pdf

Annual Report Year 4 (December 1, 1991 - November 30, 1992)
...pdf

Annual Report Year 5 (December 1, 1992 - November 30, 1993)
...pdf

Annual Report Year 6 (December 1, 1993 - December 31, 1994)
...pdf

Annual Report Year 7 (January 1, 1995 - December 31, 1995)
...pdf

Annual Report Year 8 (January 1, 1996 - December 31, 1996)
...pdf
 

GIS BIBLIOGRAPHIES..............................................files


Annual GIS Bibliography for 1991, compiled by Harlan J. Onsrud and Steven Frank, U. Maine, ...pdf

Annual GIS Bibliography for 1992, compiled by Harlan J. Onsrud and Steven Frank, U. Maine, ...pdf

Annual GIS Bibliography for 1993, compiled by Harlan J. Onsrud, Steven Frank, Xavier Lopez and Jeff Johnson, U. Maine, ...pdf


CLOSING REPORTS

Initiative closing reports assess the results of each initiative according to five closure criteria: what was learned, how has the Initiative influenced the NCGIA research agenda, how has it affected GIS education, what policy considerations emerged from it, and what were the strengths and weaknesses of the research process?

Research Initiative 1: Accuracy of Spatial Databases - Closing Report, by Michael F. Goodchild, UCSB. ...pdf

Research Initiative 2: Languages of Spatial Relations - Closing Report, by David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo. ...pdf

Research Initiative 3: Multiple Representations - Closing Report, by Barbara P. Buttenfield, SUNY-Buffalo. ...pdf

Research Initiative 4: Use and Value of Geographic Information - Closing Report, by Harlan J. Onsrud, U. Maine, and Hugh Calkins, SUNY-Buffalo. ...pdf

Research Initiative 5: Architecture of Very Large Databases - Closing Report, by Terence R. Smith, UCSB, and Andrew U. Frank, U. Maine. ...pdf

Research Initiative 6: Spatial Decision Support Systems - Closing Report, by Paul Densham, SUNY-Buffalo, and Michael Goodchild, UCSB. ...pdf

Research Initiative 7: Visualization of the Quality of Spatial Information - Closing Report, by M. Kate Beard, Univ. of Maine, Orono, Barbara P. Buttenfield, State University of New York at Buffalo, William A. Mackaness, U Maine. ...pdf

Research Initiative 9: Institutions Sharing Geographic Information - Closing Report, by Harlan J. Onsrud, U. Maine, and Gerard Rushton, U. Iowa ...pdf

Research Initiative 12: Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems - Closing Report, by Jeffrey L. Star, John E. Estes, and Frank Davis, UCSB. ...pdf

Research Initiative 13: User Interfaces for Geographic Information Systems - Closing Report, by David M. Mark, SUNY-Buffalo, ...pdf

Research Initiative 14: GIS and Spatial Analysis - Closing Report, by Peter A. Rogerson, SUNY Buffalo, and A. Stewart Fotheringham, U Newcastle. ...pdf
 

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NCGIA SOFTWARE:

S-92-1:SPACESTAT, developed by Luc Anselin, UCSB, covers a range of descriptive spatial statistics, measurements of spatial autocorrelation and tools to implement spatial analysis in regression models. The program interfaces with a number of commercial GIS, including ARC/INFO, IDRISI, OSU-MAP, and generic raster files.
*NOTE*: NCGIA is no longer distributing SPACESTAT software.  If you are interested in a current version, visit the SpaceStat homepage at:  http://www.spacestat.com

S-92-2: GEOLINEUS, developed by David Lanter, UCSB, assists ARC/INFO users on the SUN4 and SPARCstation workstations in lineage tracking, data management, and graphic interface for GIS. No longer available from NCGIA.

S-92-3: LADSS, developed by Paul Densham, SUNY-Buffalo, a Locational Analysis Decision Support System, 1992 release requires a PC or compatible with math coprocessor, color video adapter, hard disk and 640 Kb of RAM. (An 80386 or better is recommended).
For more information, contact: Paul Densham, University College London, Department of Geography, Tel: 011 44 71-387-7050, ext 5502, Fax: 011 44 71-380-7565, Email: pdensham@geog.ucl.ac.uk

S-92-4: SAM, developed by Yuemin Ding and Stewart Fotheringham, SUNY- Buffalo, is a Spatial Analysis Module in cartridge form running on the UNIX operating system. 1992 release consists of AML and C programs and is run entirely within ARC/INFO. SAM is provided on one high density floppy disk unless a data cartridge is required - if the data cartridge is required, buyer must specify this format.
For more information, contact: A. Stewart Fotheringham University of Newcastle, Department of Geography, Tel: 011-44-191-222-6434, Email: stewart.fotheringham@newcastle.ac.uk

S-92-5: DIRIGO, developed by Manfred Ehlers and students, U. Maine, is no longer distributed by the NCGIA.

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