Cartographic Symbolization of Uncertainty

Acknowledgements

Introduction

“Hard” vs. “Soft” Data

Parallel Display of Uncertainty

Integrated Display of Uncertainty

Existing Research and Methods

Bertin Variables

Beard, Buttenfield, and Clapham (1991)

MacEachren (1992, 1994)

McGranaghan (1993)

Animation

Animation (continued)

3D Display of Uncertainty

Other Methods

PPT Slide

Purpose

Assumptions

Methodology

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Results

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Results (continued)

Results (continued)

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PPT Slide

Results (continued)

Conclusions