Cartographic Symbolization of Uncertainty

8/20/98

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Table of Contents

Cartographic Symbolization of Uncertainty 

Acknowledgements 

Introduction 

“Hard” vs. “Soft” Data 

Parallel Display of Uncertainty 

Integrated Display of Uncertainty 

Existing Research and Methods 

Bertin Variables 

Beard, Buttenfield, and Clapham (1991) 

MacEachren (1992, 1994) 

McGranaghan (1993) 

Animation 

Animation (continued) 

3D Display of Uncertainty 

Other Methods 

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Purpose 

Assumptions 

Methodology 

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Results 

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Results (continued) 

Results (continued) 

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Results (continued) 

Conclusions

Author: ncgia,geog 

Email: pdt@ncgia.ucsb.edu